Per the report, global wash trading was reduced by 35.7% among the exchanges on the Institute’s top-40 listings. BTI’s data indicates that the “cleanest” platforms continue to be Kraken, Poloniex, Coinbase and Upbit.

Global wash trading on cryptocurrency markets was down by over 35% in September, according to the latest surveillance report from the Blockchain Transparency Institute (BTI).

Kraken, Poloniex, Coinbase and Upbit are still the “cleanest” platforms

At the other extreme, OKEx and Bibox appear to have the highest percentage of wash trading among the top 40. While the wash traded volumes on these platforms exceed 75%, according to BTI, their real volumes (calculated without wash trades) still consistently place them among the top 20 exchanges globally.

Bitcoin’s wash trading level is roughly 50%

Among other cryptocurrencies, Bitcoin is being wash traded just under 50%, according to live tracking data from BTI. Ethereum levels are at around 75%, XRP at 55% and Litecoin at 74%. BTI claims that most of this inflated volume is attributable to activity on OKEx, Bibox and Huobi.

The most heavily wash traded tokens among the top 25 cryptocurrencies are Ethereum Classic, Monero and Dash at over 80% fake volume, which BTI attributes largely to OKEx, Bibox and Bithumb.

Under 25% each are Maker Dao, Binance Coin and LEO as the least wash traded tokens in the top 25 coins.

Wash trading refers to a practice whereby sell and buy orders are simultaneously placed on the same asset to artificially inflate trading volumes while giving the impression that the asset is more in demand than it actually is. The practice is illegal on regulated exchange platforms.

OKex challenges BTI’s allegations

As Cointelegraph reported, OKeX has recently hit back at BTI, claiming that the Institute’s “research methodology is not transparent and they do not provide data to back up their claims.”

OKEx contends that, given its nature as a crypto derivatives platform, its characteristic patterns of trades – from “hedge funds, proprietary traders and high-frequency trading firms” – follow a different pattern to spot-only venues.

It has therefore argued that BTI’s use of “retail-oriented parameters such as website/mobile traffic” in its research is “an apple-to-orange comparison.”

In March, the topic of was trading has already become a hotly contested issue following a series of bombshell reports that revealed the apparent prevalence of manipulative trading practices in the industry.

Galaxy Digital and XBTO Execute First Block Trade of Bakkt Bitcoin Futures

Intercontinental Exchange (ICE), the governing body behind the New York Stock Exchange, has executed the first block trade of Bakkt Bitcoin futures contracts.

ICE revealed the development in an Oct. 4 press release, specifying that the first Bakkt Bitcoin Futures block trade was executed between digital assets merchant bank Galaxy Digital and crypto investment firm XBTO on Oct. 1. The deal was cleared by agricultural commodities merchant ED&F Man. Following the block trade execution, XBTO stated:

“Last week, we bought the first Bakkt Bitcoin Daily Futures contract and took the first physical delivery of a digital asset under existing commodity futures laws and regulations. This week, we executed the first block trade. We’re pleased to report that the launch was successful and can accommodate large trades.”

Block trades are privately arranged futures or options transactions that can be executed separately from the public market. According to CME Group, block trades are often executed by large firms and institutions with particular purposes in mind.

Bakkt’s anticipation and the initial reaction

Bakkt was launched on Sept. 23, after more than a year spent ensuring full compliance with United States authorities. In the first 24 hours, the Bakkt platform traded 71 Bitcoin futures contracts.

Bakkt failed to impress on the first day of trading purportedly due to the fact that the currency’s price had been range-bound, so institutional traders were in no hurry to initiate positions. The day after launch, the Bitcoin price took its largest intraday hit since January, losing some 13% on Tuesday, Sept. 24.

Mati Greenspan, senior market analyst at digital asset trading platform eToro argued, “The catalyst for today’s plunge, in my mind, seems to be the underwhelming launch of Bakkt. This is a prime example of ‘buy the rumor, sell the news.’”

Following the platform’s rollout, Binance Research, Binance’s analytics arm, released research wherein it singled out Bakkt as the principal event which occurred just before Bitcoin’s price slip.

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