The new service, translated from the Chinese as Open Network, will enable users to develop and deploy applications without building their own blockchain platforms, according to a Chinese media report by STCN, a state-owned daily newspaper.
Chinese internet giant Baidu launched on Monday a blockchain-based service for developers and small and medium-sized businesses to build decentralized applications, or dapps.
It is part of Baidu’s enterprise blockchain network Xuperchain and aims to attract smaller users with lower cost and technological barriers.
The move also fits into the Chinese government’s embrace of blockchain and its desire to encourage its use by smaller businesses throughout the country.
Baidu said the cost for using the new service can be as low as 1 yuan (US14 cents) with its quantity-based fee structure until March, according to the report. To simplify the process to build applications, the new service allows customers to use smart contracts templates and other functional components designed to increase efficiency.
According to the company’s website, the Xuperchain network has nearly 3.5 million users and has processed over 450 million transactions. The network has seven masternodes including Tsinghua University and streaming services giant iQiyi to help and verify transactions on the platform.
Baidu announced in May it would make its Xuperchain network open source to the public and look into the potential challenges its prospective users could encounter.
The new service is not the company’s first effort to help developers build their own applications. In February, Baidu Cloud launched Baidu Blockchain Engin (BBE) to tackle storage and computing issues for developers when they try to build applications.
The company debuted its Blockchain-as-a-Service (BaaS) platform in January 2018. The platform aims to provide blockchain infrastructure for applications. However, unlike the new service, the platform requires companies and developers to have their own blockchain first.
Qatar Financial Centre Puts Blanket Ban on Cryptocurrency Businesses
The Qatar Financial Centre Regulatory Authority (QFCRA) announced that virtual asset services may not be conducted in or from the Qatar Financial Centre (QFC).
The regulator announced the new measures in a tweet published on Dec. 26, stating that authorized firms are not permitted to provide or facilitate the provision or exchange of crypto assets and related services until further notice. The QFCRA warns:
“The Regulatory Authority shall impose penalties in accordance with its rights and obligations … in case of any violation of undertaking … activities that are not permitted in the QFC.”
The QFC is a business and financial center with its own legal, regulatory, tax and business infrastructure in Qatar that was created in order to attract businesses to the area and promote economic development in the country.
According to the official website, the center has attracted over 500 firms with $20 billion in combined total assets under management.
A broad definition
The QFCRA defines virtual asset services as the exchange between crypto and fiat or crypto and crypto, transfer of crypto assets, safekeeping or administration of virtual assets or tools for their management, and participation in or provision of financial services related to virtual assets.
An article published the next day by local media outlet Al-Watan noted that the country just adopted new Anti-Money Laundering and Counter-Terrorist Financing norms. The governor of the Qatari central bank Sheikh Abdullah bin Saud Al Thani commented:
“The State of Qatar affirms that fighting money laundering and terrorist financing requires a strict and effective regulatory and legislative framework, whereby the powers and responsibilities of both government agencies and relevant ministries are defined in relation to combating money laundering and terrorist financing.”
While some countries like Switzerland have opened up to the possibilities of digital assets, others see them as a threat to monetary sovereignty and have adopted a hard line.
India’s central bank initiated a ban that prevents all financial institutions in the country from providing services for crypto-related business.
In late April 2019, the Indian government reportedly began inter-ministerial consultations on a draft law to ban cryptocurrencies outright, known as the Banning of Cryptocurrencies and Regulation of Official Digital Currencies Bill 2019.
China has banned domestic cryptocurrency exchanges since September 2017, as Cointelegraph reported in a recent recap piece on the government’s crackdown on crypto trading.